The physical-technical Institute has just been created in the Crimean Federal University of V. I. Vernadsky. This is a rapid response of the University to an acute shortage of engineering personnel, which was faced by shipbuilding and defense companies of the peninsula after its annexation into the Russian Federation.
The analyst at the bench.
Directors of all industrial enterprises are sure, that it is impossible to raise the Crimean industry without qualified engineers.
“Crimean universities in Ukraine practically did not prepare engineers,” explains General Director of JSC “Plant “Fiolent” Alexander BATALIN. “In Ukraine, they produced political scientists, economists, lawyers, financiers and other humanitarians. There are in a such large quantity that many of them come to us with diplomas in these areas and ask any working position. This is a real problem.”
On the other hand, almost every Crimean town or district has shipbuilding and machine-building, gas, chemical industry factories. In 23 years as part of Ukraine they were on the verge of bankruptcy. The government did not give them orders. There were no research institutions that would work on the projects interesting for the market of Europe or CIS countries. Only a few plants, among them was “Fiolent”, wes the exception to the rule.
“We have our own design office and development” – continues BATALIN. “Even this allowed to send up to 60 percent of production in the framework of the orders in the Russian Federation and other CIS countries from the Ukraine. Therefore, after returning to Russia was simple for us to adapt to the Russian standards. There are still several enterprises that continue to work within the framework of the defense order in Crimea. But absolutely all of them are in need of engineering personnel. In soviet times they also were mainly invited from the center, and, admittedly, there were few, those who wanted to move to Crime. But a lot of young Crimeans were left to study on engineers in the capitals.”
Enterprises of the Crimea, in turn, were forced to lure graduates from Moscow and St. Petersburg universities.
To collect personnel
– Today, without science, and most importantly, without its own engineering staff to rely on the revival of industry of the Crimea is at least not serious, – said Alexander BATALIN. – And most of our factories have no staff, no new technology or scientific research, nor modern equipment. And where we may make a request, alas… Yes, certain decisions have been taken at the level of the government of the Russian Federation: Crimean enterprises are in cooperation with large corporations of Russia. But the latter did not show any activity and all are waiting for. Only one Crimean plant – “Zaliv” of Kerch – upgrades in accordance with modern requirements and loads with orders the shipyard of Zelenodolsk. All other companies in the republic, unfortunately, languish, because they are hopelessly behind the Russian corporations. Thank God, there are still leaders-enthusiasts that keep these plants in Ukraine and today according to their forces and capabilities still support them afloat.
The leaders of the branch “Center of ship repair “Zvezdochka”, which is now based at the production facilities of GUP “Sevmorzavod”, talking about the need to improve the quality of training and retraining of qualified personnel for ship repair and shipbuilding by integration of universities, research institutes and industrial enterprises.
Now, after 20 years of regression in the development of the plant, there is a shortage of workers with medium level of professional qualification, – said Igor DREY, Director of the branch of “CA “Asterisk” in Sevastopol. – The productivity of labour and competitiveness of the enterprise have been reducing due to the lack of training system.
The company’s management is interested in engineering personnel and qualified workers: sudsbury, welders, ship pipeliners, millers, fitters and turners are required.
To revive the survived industrial enterprise is possible only with help of a strong engineering staff. As only they are able to master promptly modern equipment and to ensure the active participation of factories in the program of import substitution that is relevant today.
– We have already signed several contracts with the Sevastopol and Novocherkassk universities on the creation of areas-laboratories joint scientific work, – said BOYARCHUK. – In parallel, without waiting to establish professional contacts with its scholars and teachers. We have already visited the heads of the individual departments, we offered them our services. Now we will work together to provide new scientific researches in our laboratories, which then would be applied when manufacturing certain types of products. Moreover, the students of the Crimean federal university will be held at our practice.
Impossibility of living without each other
In short, the Crimean science and industry have begun an active movement towards each other. According to the former rector of the Crimean federal university Sergey Donich, the key challenge of the physical-technical institute is the development of physical-mathematical and technical science in Crimea.
– We are talking about the revival of the Crimean engineering – says DONICH. – So, for example, for technical equipment and further development of the institute of physics and technology we have already signed an agreement with Russian group of companies “Nanotechnology MDT”, dedicated to the development of innovative instruments and equipment. It is planned that this year there will be delivered atomic force microscopes and multifunctional, nanoindentor, combines with the spectrometers, and further technological complexes and machines used in radiation medicine.
At a joint meeting of the council of trustees of the Southern and Siberian federal universities, that was held recently in Rostov, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry MEDVEDEV has set a clear goal to pay attention to the development of technical areas in high school. In the words of the Dean of the faculty of physics and computer technologies of Crimean federal university Marina GLUMOVA physical-technical institute could be a powerful educational and research institution of strategic importance for Crimea and Russia.
The Institute was established on the basis of the faculty of physics and computer science, Department of medical physics and informatics of the Medical Academy, Department of mathematics and physics of the Academy of construction and architecture, other units of the University and scientific center of functional materials and nanotechnology, which are now functioning as separate units, – said Marina GLUMOVA. – Now there are five training areas on our faculty: physics, radiophysics, technical physics, computer science, software engineering. Also, the institute will have several interesting specializations: electrotechnology, electricity supply and electricity that will be transferred to the Academy of construction and architecture of CFU.
CFU has signed cooperation agreement with Roscosmos, says Marina GLUMOVA. The other day we had guests from Samarian aerospace university, who would also like to conclude an agreement with the institute of physics and technology about working on nanosatellites. As for our Crimean plant “Fiolent”, we are discussing with management the possibility of establishing a joint laboratory, which would carry out the orders of the enterprise using the intellectual labor of our scientists and innovative potential of students. And some research work is already underway.
The research center of functional materials and nanotechnology works with professionals of “Fiolent” on improving the technology of fabrication of sensitive elements for devices for special purposes. In addition, the center of functional materials and nanotechnology of the university produced the deposition of hardening coatings on contact element of the electric machines. That is, now, in the period of creation and formation of physical-technical institute of the CFU, the new university is trying to find the common ground on scientific topics, engineering projects with industrialists.